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How Can Cancer Treatment Affect Your Oral Health?
How can cancer therapy affect my mouth?
Of the 1.2 million Americans diagnosed with cancer each year, approximately 400,000 will develop oral complications from their treatment. All forms of cancer treatment, including radiation, chemotherapy and bone marrow transplant, can cause complications that affect oral health. In killing cancer cells, treatment also may harm normal cells. Healthy cells in the mouth are particularly vulnerable. Complications can make it hard to eat (which promotes poor nutrition) talk and swallow, and can increase the likelihood of infection.
How can oral complications affect my cancer treatment?
Oral complications of cancer treatment can be so debilitating that patients may tolerate only lower, less effective doses of cancer drugs, may postpone scheduled treatments, or may discontinue the treatment entirely. Oral complications also can be the source of infections that interfere with cancer therapy and threaten patient survival.
What are the side effects of cancer treatment?
Different people experience different complications. The most common include: Dry mouth Increased tooth decay Loss of taste Infections jaw stiffness Painful mouth and gums Burning, peeling or swelling tongue
Why should my dentist be involved in my treatment plan?
You may be surprised to learn that your dentist is important in your cancer treatment. If you go to the dentist before radiation begins, you can help prevent serious oral health problems. Complications often occur because a patient's mouth is not healthy before cancer treatment begins. Not all mouth problems can be avoided, but the fewer oral complications you have, the more likely that you will stay on your treatment schedule. You should see your dentist at least two weeks before your first treatment. If you have already started treatment, see your dentist as soon as possible.
How can I keep my mouth healthy?
You can do a lot to protect your oral health during cancer treatment. The first step is to see a dentist before you start. Once treatment begins, it is important to look in your mouth every day for sores and other changes. If you find something unusual, call your dentist immediately.
The following tips can help prevent and treat a sore mouth:
If your mouth is sore:
Eat foods that are good for you and easy to chew and swallow. Take small bites of food, chew slowly and sip liquids. Avoid hard, crunchy and spicy foods, alcohol and tobacco.
Remember: See your dentist at least two weeks before beginning cancer treatment. It is crucial that your dentist is a well-
This information was compiled for you by the Academy of General Dentistry.